# Time Cartesian Axis

The time scale is used to display times and dates. Data are spread according to the amount of time between data points. When building its ticks, it will automatically calculate the most comfortable unit base on the size of the scale.

# Date Adapters

The time scale requires both a date library and a corresponding adapter to be present. Please choose from the available adapters (opens new window).

# Data Sets

# Input Data

See data structures.

# Date Formats

When providing data for the time scale, Chart.js uses timestamps defined as milliseconds since the epoch (midnight January 1, 1970, UTC) internally. However, Chart.js also supports all of the formats that your chosen date adapter accepts. You should use timestamps if you'd like to set parsing: false for better performance.

# Configuration Options

# Time Axis specific options

Namespace: options.scales[scaleId]

Name Type Default Description
min number|string The minimum item to display. more...
max number|string The maximum item to display. more...
suggestedMin number|string The minimum item to display if there is no datapoint before it. more...
suggestedMax number|string The maximum item to display if there is no datapoint behind it. more...
adapters.date object {} Options for adapter for external date library if that adapter needs or supports options
bounds string 'data' Determines the scale bounds. more...
offsetAfterAutoskip boolean false If true, bar chart offsets are computed with auto skipped ticks.
ticks.source string 'auto' How ticks are generated. more...
time.displayFormats object Sets how different time units are displayed. more...
time.isoWeekday boolean|number false If boolean and true and the unit is set to 'week', then the first day of the week will be Monday. Otherwise, it will be Sunday. If number, the index of the first day of the week (0 - Sunday, 6 - Saturday)
time.parser string|function Custom parser for dates. more...
time.round string false If defined, dates will be rounded to the start of this unit. See Time Units below for the allowed units.
time.tooltipFormat string The format string to use for the tooltip.
time.unit string false If defined, will force the unit to be a certain type. See Time Units section below for details.
time.minUnit string 'millisecond' The minimum display format to be used for a time unit.

# Common options to all cartesian axes

Namespace: options.scales[scaleId]

Name Type Default Description
bounds string 'ticks' Determines the scale bounds. more...
clip boolean true If true, clip the dataset drawing against the size of the scale instead of chart area
position string | object Position of the axis. more...
stack string Stack group. Axes at the same position with same stack are stacked.
stackWeight number 1 Weight of the scale in stack group. Used to determine the amount of allocated space for the scale within the group.
axis string Which type of axis this is. Possible values are: 'x', 'y'. If not set, this is inferred from the first character of the ID which should be 'x' or 'y'.
offset boolean false If true, extra space is added to the both edges and the axis is scaled to fit into the chart area. This is set to true for a bar chart by default.
title object Scale title configuration. more...

# Common options to all axes

Namespace: options.scales[scaleId]

Name Type Default Description
type string Type of scale being employed. Custom scales can be created and registered with a string key. This allows changing the type of an axis for a chart.
alignToPixels boolean false Align pixel values to device pixels.
backgroundColor Color Background color of the scale area.
border object Border configuration. more...
display boolean|string true Controls the axis global visibility (visible when true, hidden when false). When display: 'auto', the axis is visible only if at least one associated dataset is visible.
grid object Grid line configuration. more...
min number User defined minimum number for the scale, overrides minimum value from data. more...
max number User defined maximum number for the scale, overrides maximum value from data. more...
reverse boolean false Reverse the scale.
stacked boolean|string false Should the data be stacked. more...
suggestedMax number Adjustment used when calculating the maximum data value. more...
suggestedMin number Adjustment used when calculating the minimum data value. more...
ticks object Tick configuration. more...
weight number 0 The weight used to sort the axis. Higher weights are further away from the chart area.

# Time Units

The following time measurements are supported. The names can be passed as strings to the time.unit config option to force a certain unit.

  • 'millisecond'
  • 'second'
  • 'minute'
  • 'hour'
  • 'day'
  • 'week'
  • 'month'
  • 'quarter'
  • 'year'

For example, to create a chart with a time scale that always displayed units per month, the following config could be used.

const chart = new Chart(ctx, {
    type: 'line',
    data: data,
    options: {
        scales: {
            x: {
                type: 'time',
                time: {
                    unit: 'month'
                }
            }
        }
    }
});

# Display Formats

You may specify a map of display formats with a key for each unit:

  • millisecond
  • second
  • minute
  • hour
  • day
  • week
  • month
  • quarter
  • year

The format string used as a value depends on the date adapter you chose to use.

For example, to set the display format for the quarter unit to show the month and year, the following config might be passed to the chart constructor.

const chart = new Chart(ctx, {
    type: 'line',
    data: data,
    options: {
        scales: {
            x: {
                type: 'time',
                time: {
                    displayFormats: {
                        quarter: 'MMM YYYY'
                    }
                }
            }
        }
    }
});

# Ticks Source

The ticks.source property controls the ticks generation.

  • 'auto': generates "optimal" ticks based on scale size and time options
  • 'data': generates ticks from data (including labels from data {x|y} objects)
  • 'labels': generates ticks from user given labels ONLY

# Parser

If this property is defined as a string, it is interpreted as a custom format to be used by the date adapter to parse the date.

If this is a function, it must return a type that can be handled by your date adapter's parse method.

# Min Max Configuration

For both the min and max properties, the value must be string that is parsable by your date adapter or a number with the amount of milliseconds that have elapsed since UNIX epoch. In the example below the x axis will start at 7 November 2021.

let chart = new Chart(ctx, {
    type: 'line',
    data: {
        datasets: [{
            data: [{
                x: '2021-11-06 23:39:30',
                y: 50
            }, {
                x: '2021-11-07 01:00:28',
                y: 60
            }, {
                x: '2021-11-07 09:00:28',
                y: 20
            }]
        }],
    },
    options: {
        scales: {
            x: {
                min: '2021-11-07 00:00:00',
            }
        }
    }
});

# Changing the scale type from Time scale to Logarithmic/Linear scale.

When changing the scale type from Time scale to Logarithmic/Linear scale, you need to add bounds: 'ticks' to the scale options. Changing the bounds parameter is necessary because its default value is the 'data' for the Time scale.

Initial config:

const chart = new Chart(ctx, {
    type: 'line',
    data: data,
    options: {
        scales: {
            x: {
                type: 'time',
            }
        }
    }
});

Scale update:

chart.options.scales.x = {
    type: 'logarithmic',
    bounds: 'ticks'
};

# Internal data format

Internally time scale uses milliseconds since epoch

Last Updated: 8/24/2023, 12:34:45 PM